Combining PrEP and ART could almost eliminate HIV infection, east African study finds
First published on http://www.aidsmap.com/ on 26 Feb 2015
Giving both pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and antiretroviral therapy (ART) to heterosexual couples where one partner has HIV (serodiscordant couples) can almost eliminate the chance of infection in the HIV-negative partner, a study presented at the Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI 2015) in Seattle, USA, yesterday has shown.
This study was a first in a number of ways. It is the first to combine the ideas of PrEP and of ‘treatment as prevention’ in a systematic and sequenced way. It is the first large study in Africa to use a ‘risk score’ specifically to target the intervention to those most at risk of HIV. And it is the first study of treatment as prevention to document near-elimination of HIV transmission not just from the HIV-positive partner in a serodiscordant couple, but also from extramarital partners. Read more